Fungal Infections


Fungi are microscopic organisms such as mold, mildews and yeast. They cannot produce their own food; thus they behave as either parasites or saprophytes, absorbing nutrients from organic matter, such as humans and animals. Approximately 90 per cent of fungal skin infections are caused by 'dermatophytes', which are parasitic fungi affecting the skin, hair, or nails. Athletes foot, jock itch, ringworm, nail fungus, and scalp fungus are all common types of fungal infections affecting the skin, and there are a variety of treatment options available for each.

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The Fungal Guide is designed to help you make intelligent choices about treating one of the most persistent, and widespread skin conditions.

Fungal Infection Basics

What are Fungi
Fungi are microscopic plant organisms that consist of cells, such as mould, mildews and yeast. They cannot produce their own food; thus they behave as...

Skin Infections Caused by Fungi
Approximately 90 per cent of fungal skin infections are caused by 'dermatophytes', which are parasitic fungi affecting the skin, hair, or nails...

Prevention
It's important to understand that although fungal infections are annoying and can cause some discomfort, you don't need to miss school or work. However, care should be taken to minimize skin-to-skin contact with others...

What Else Looks Like a Fungal Infection
Athlete's foot, Jock itch, Ringworm, Tinea Versicolor, Tinea Faciei (Face fungus), Onychomycosis...

Types of Fungal Infections

Overview of Types
Athlete's foot (Tinea pedis), Jock itch (Tinea cruris), Ringworm (Tinea corporis), Face fungus (Tinea faciei), Tinea Versicolor, Fungal Nail Infections, Fungal Hair Infections...

Fungal Nail Infections
Fungal infection of the nails is most common. They crop up in places where heat, humidity and activities require communal bathing...

Fungal Hair Infections
The vast majority of hair infections occur in children. Look for a mild scaling of the scalp(dandruff) or a very inflammatory looking (bacterial) abscess. Hair loss is common and may be permanent...

What is Candidiasis and do I have it?
Candidiasis - commonly called yeast infection or thrush - is a fungal infection of more than 20 species, the most common being Candida albicans. Yeast organisms are always in our systems...

Conditions Caused By Candida
Oral, Intertrigo (inflammatory skin disease involving body folds), Vulvovaginitis, Diaper rashes, Paronychia, Chronic Mucocutaneous Candidiasis...

Medical Treatments

Objective and Limitations of Therapy
Have your doctor confirm the clinical diagnosis by having a KOH examination of skin scrapings and fungal culture...

Treatments for Skin, Nail and Hair Infections
Topical antifungal creams once or twice a day for 2-4 weeks. Continue for at least 2 weeks after clearing and intermittently thereafter...


Antifungal Drugs

Clotrimazole
Azole: a broad spectrum antifungal developed in 1967. It was one of the first azoles to be developed. Formulations are now generic in a number of countries. It is effective against Candida albicans and the dermatophytes....

Ciclopirox
Antifungal, topical. Ciclopirox olamine is a hydroxypyridone antifungal that is structurally unrelated to other antifungal agents. It was first introduced in 1975 and has been accepted and used...

Ketoconazole
Ketoconazole is an azole medication used to treat a broad spectrum of fungi It was originally developed in the late 1970's in the oral form and granted FDA acceptance in 1981...

Terbinafine Hydrochloride
Antifungal, allylamine -one of the first antifungals of the allylamine class, discovered in 1974. It was approved for systemic use in the UK in 1991, and for topical use in...

Itraconazole
Itraconazole is an antifungal azole. It is a synthetic triazole analogue with a wide spectrum of antifungal activity. It was first synthesized in 1980, and approved in...

Fluconazole
Fluconazole is an antifungal azole. It is a broad spectrum antifungal, first approved in Europe in 1988 and then in America in 1990. It was the first single dose treatment approved for vaginal candidiasis...


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