Acne in Adolescents

Acne in adolescents usually appears between the ages of 12 and 20, caused by the hormonal changes during puberty. The age in which adolescents normally experience acne is a time filled with natural anxiety and feelings of insecurity. Add to this embarrassing acne, and any adolescent will have low self-esteem issues.

Causes of Acne

Many believe that some causes of acne are eating too much chocolate or a diet rich in greasy foods, but there is no scientific data to back this up. There is scientific research that shows that sebum, which is oil that the sebaceous glands produce to lubricate our skin and hair, in excess can cause acne. During puberty, too much sebum is produced, which in turn clogs the pores causing the redness and swelling. Acne comes in different forms: blackheads, whiteheads, and the most common red bumps simply called pimples.

When Does Acne Go Away?

Normally, adolescent acne disappears at about the age of 20-25, but some individuals carry acne well into adulthood. However, the causes of adult acne are different from those of adolescent acne. The causes of adult acne can be hormonal, but other factors can contribute as well. For instance, cosmetics, an increase of bacteria or even stress can cause the onset of adult acne.

Best Treatment for Acne

Whatever the cause of adolescent or adult acne, the treatments are similar. The most common and effective over the counter treatment (OTC) for acne is a topical product with the active ingredient benzoyl peroxide. In the case where acne does not respond to OTC medication, a prescription medication containing a combination of benzoyl peroxide and antibiotics can be helpful.

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