Sun damage may be of various degrees ranging from skin texture changes and spots to painful wounds. The sun may also have damaging effects on the skin, being among the causing factors of skin cancer and premature skin aging. Fair skinned people are particularly exposed to sun damage.
How Sun Damage Affects Fair Skin Tones
The exposure to ultraviolet light, which is present in the sun rays, is the damaging factor that makes the sun dangerous. People with fair skin are particularly exposed to sun damage, due to a lack of pigmentation that can actually act as a sun protector.
The sun is associated with the following skin problems:
- Premature aging such as changes in texture and formation of wrinkles
- Easy bruising and skin tearing
- Visible blood vessels
- Skin cancer (melanomas or squamous cell carcinomas)
Fair skinned people are more likely to develop these problems if continually exposed to sun. People with fair skin are also prone to developing freckles, which are harmless but may be considered unaesthetic.
Sun Protection for Fair Skin
People with fair skin should get sun protection in the form of clothes, hats and most of all sunscreen. The sunscreen for people with fair skin tones should be over 30. The SPF should be both for UVA and UVB rays. The fairer the skin, the higher the SPF should be.
The sunscreen should be applied at every outing and reapplied after getting in contact with water (bathing or swimming). Waterproof sunscreen formulas are also available.