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Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer Guide offers comprehensive information about how skin cancers function, who is at risk, where skin cancer develops, and most importantly, how to recognize and identify them.

Prevention of Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer and Sun Protection
The key to saving lives from Skin Cancer is twofold: Prevention and Early Detection. Why do we need to protect ourselves from the sun? When the sun's ultraviolet radiation (UV) reaches the surface of the skin, the skin reacts by producing melanin...

Skin Cancer Self-Exam
The purpose of self-examination is to assist in the early diagnosis of skin cancer. Skin cancer can take 20 years or more to develop. Many forms grow slowly, but some melanomas may grow quickly...

Skin Cancer Diagnosis Algorithm
This algorithm guides you in determining what types of lesions may be of concern, and what signs your dermatologist looks for in diagnosing skin cancer...

Pre-Cancerous Lesions

Definition of Actinic Keratosis
Actinic Keratosis is a type of atypical change in the keratinocyte cells which make up most of the epidermis. Actinic Keratoses always have atypical cells within them, by definition, but most of the time they do not progress to skin cancers...

Actinic Keratosis - What Causes It
There are two main factors that cause Actinic Keratosis: exposure to carcinogenic factors, and genetic syndromes. Learn about the three different types of carcinogenic factors, and how a genetic syndrome increases your chance of developing Actinic Keratosis...

Treatment of Actinic Keratosis
Options for the treatment of actinic keratosis include topical drug therapy, surgical or chemical destruction of the lesions and photodynamic therapy. In some cases, a combination of these modalities is used...

Basal Cell Cancer

Basal Cell Cancer Definition
Basal cell carcinomas are usually: single, small, and firm lesion dome shaped and flesh-coloured...

Causes of Basal Cell Cancer
The diagram here represents the range of known risk factors for BCC. Below are descriptions of the four top causes of BCC...

Treatment of Basal Cell Cancer
Most basal cell carcinomas may be treated by one of the following methods. The choice of treatment is influenced by...

Squamous Cell Cancer

Squamous Cell Cancer Definition
The signs and symptoms of squamous cell carcinoma are reddened, scaly or plaque-like areas that: are slightly elevated, can develop an ulcer...

Causes of Squamous Cell Cancer
Exposure To Carcinogenic Factors, Genetic Syndromes, Genetic Syndromes, Immunosuppression...

Squamous Cell Cancer Treatment
Most squamous cell carcinomas may be treated by one of the following methods. More healthy tissue around the lesion is removed than for basal cell carcinomas because of the potential of squamous cell carcinomas to spread...

Melanoma

Melanoma Definition
Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that arises from melanocytes - the cells that produce pigment. Melanoma may begin in association with a mole...

What Causes Melanoma
Sunlight is the main environmental agent that causes melanoma. However, the exact wavelengths of sunlight that cause melanoma are unknown. Research has shown that people with certain risk factors are more likely than others to develop melanoma...

Treatment of Melanoma
Melanomas are highly curable if caught early and have not spread beyond the site where they developed. Treatment decisions for melanoma are based on...

Other Skin Cancers

Other Types of Skin Cancer
There are several types of skin cancers which are neither basal, squamous, or melanoma. These are much more rare, however they do still occur and are treatable...


Need more information. Read our Skin Cancer Articles.