Unwanted Facial Hair


Excess facial or body hair is referred to as “Hirsutism.” Hirsutism is a condition that is caused by elevated levels of male hormones. Excessive hair growth is really determined by the woman herself. For some women, excess hair, especially on the face, is something which can be problematic and for some, very embarrassing. Once a diagnosis of hirsutism is made, there are various treatment options.

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Excess facial or body hair is referred to as “Hirsutism”. Hirsutism is a condition that is caused by elevated levels of male hormones. For some women, excess hair, especially on the face, is something which can be problematic and for some, very embarrassing. Once a diagnosis of hirsutism is made, there are various treatment options.

Facts About Hair:

Hair - General Information
The skin is the largest organ of the body. It is made up of the epidermis which is the outermost protective layer, the dermis which has oil glands, sweat glands and hair arising from it. The lowest layer is below the dermis and is made of fat and connective tissue...

Unwanted Hair - Definitions
Anagen - This is the growth stage of the hair follicle. 90% of scalp hair and 80-85% of beard and moustache hair is in anagen at any given time. There is an enzyme called ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) that makes the hair shaft grow. This converts ornithine into putresine which allows hair to continue growing...

Hirsutism:

Hirsutism - What Is It?
Hirsutism - this is the excessive conversion of vellus hair into terminal hair in women. This is found in the androgen to testosterone dependent sites such as the beard area, neck, chest, abdomen and inner thighs...

Classification of Severity of Hirsutism
In 1961 Ferriman-Galwey published studies on 430 Caucasian women between the ages of 15-74 years based on patients seen in a hospital clinic. The system is based on 11 body sites with a severity score of...

What Causes Hirsutism
There are a number of ways to classify the causes of hirsutism: Constitutional or familial - there may be a slight increase in androgens from the adrenal gland. In familial hirsutism no hormone abnormalities are found...

Clinical Features of Hirsutism
The most common cause is probably related to polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). This is characterized by: Infertility, Menstrual abnormalities or amenorrhea...

Treatment of Hirsutism:

Treatment Overview
The most important evaluation for the patient with hirsutism is to determine the source of the androgens. In the constitutional familial type there will be no obvious increase in androgens but essentially end organ sensitivity. In searching for abnormalities in the production of hormones in the adrenal glands and ovaries there are useful markers that can be...

Self Treatment of Hirsutism
Tweezing: Plucking out the hair. It is quick, inexpensive convenient for small areas. Painful, needs to be done frequently, sometimes... Shaving: Shaves hair off at the level of skin. Quick, easy...

Hirsutism Treatment - Growth Inhibitors
VANIQA® - this is a new drug that blocks an enzyme that is required for the growth of hair. How does Vaniqa® work? It inhibits the enzyme ornithine decarboxylase(ODC) which is a required enzyme for hair growth...

Hirsutism Treatment - Hormone Blockers
Drugs that inhibit androgens working on hair growth...

Physical Treatment of Hirsutism
Physical treatments offer some advantages. They can be expensive. They vary according to the expertise of the operator. With the popularity of laser hair removal many spas and estheticians offer this treatment. The level of expertise and competence is not always...