Rosacea


Rosacea is a long lasting, non-scarring skin condition of the face that is often misdiagnosed as adult acne. It varies in severity and does not always worsen with time. Typically, patients will experience inappropriate flushing that is not usually associated with sweating and/or persistent facial redness. It is common to have broken blood vessels (telangiectasias) on the cheeks, giving the face a reddened look. Rosacea sufferers may also experience bouts of inflammation that cause red papules (small bumps) or pustules. There are a multitude of treatment options available for rosacea, including topical products, light therapies, and oral medications.

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Explore Rosacea Guide for information about the basics of rosacea, which medical treatments work, and what the latest in laser and surgery options are. We also discuss the effect of diet and cosmetics on your rosacea-prone skin, plus we present basic skin care tips for rosacea skin.

About Rosacea - The Basics

Frequently Asked Questions about Rosacea
“Is Rosacea caused by food?” - “I Don’t Drink, Doctor.” - “Do I Have To Give Up Coffee?”

Rosacea Basics
Rosacea is a long lasting, non-scarring skin condition of the face that is often misdiagnosed as adult acne. It varies in severity...

What Causes Rosacea?
The cause is poorly understood. Flushing is an essential part of the condition, so experts believe that there is a vascular cause or that blood vessels are a significant component to the cause...

What Else May Look Like Rosacea

Acne
Acne is the most common skin disorder seen by doctors, and has similar attributes to rosacea. In fact, it will affect almost every one of us at some time in our lives...

Contact Dermatitis
Contact dermatitis is a result of external substances contacting the skin producing either an irritant dermatitis or an allergic contact dermatitis...

Lupus Erythematosus
Lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease, that is, a disease that alters the function of your immune system...

Perioral Dermatitis
Perioral dermatitis is a common facial rash consisting of small inflamed papules (bumps), and sometimes tiny vesicles (water filled blisters) or pus spots, which are often clustered around your mouth, base of your nose, and your chin...

Seborrheic Dermatitis
Seborrheic dermatitis is a common, red, scaly rash that you will mostly see on your head, face and upper trunk. There are ill-defined, red-to-salmon pink patches with a...

Rosacea and Skin Care

Sunscreens
Some use sunscreens to prevent sunburn, whereas others use sunscreens to improve sun tanning. Some wish to avoid the wrinkling associated with sun exposure, and others believe that sunscreens prevent all types of skin cancer, yet others seem...

Moisturizers
Most people have oily skin on the forehead, nose, and chin (called the T-zone), and dryer skin on the cheeks and neck. When the humidity is low, it may be necessary to moisturize the face. The most prudent of patients...

Non-Comedogenic Cosmetics
Non-comedogenic cosmetics are products which have been tested on the oily skins of human volunteers, or inside rabbit ears.

Skin Foundations
Face foundations are used to cover skin blemishes, and acne, as well as to even out and give colour to your face. There are four basic types of foundations...

Skin Foundations For Different Skin Types
Some types of skin foundations work more effectively for different skin types. Read on to find out what will work best for you...

Skin Camouflage
Skin Camouflage is useful cosmetic for covering skin defects. A concealing cream may be applied to the skin prior to a foundation. The foundation in this case should either be sheer or opaque...

Perfume Free Cosmetics
Perfumes and scents are used widely in the cosmetic industry to hide odor from the raw materials. They are also used to add appeal to the cosmetic or beauty product...

Mild Cleansers
Different gentle skin cleansers are available for acne. There are several types of mild cleansers that you may use, if your skin is irritated or aggravated...

Skin Cleansers For Different Skin Types
The selection of cleansers for oily skin should involve using products that rinse off well. Both bar soaps and liquid cleansers have been formulated for this purpose...

Medical Treatment for Rosacea

Understand Your Options
The major goals of rosacea treatment are to understand the condition, identify and avoid the factors that cause flushing for you and that flare your rosacea...

Topical Treatment

Azelaic Acid
Azelaic acid is a naturally occuring dicarboxylic acid that is found in grain. It has the ability to reduce pigment formation.

Sodium Sulfacetamide
How do I use this medication? You should apply a thin film 1-3 times a day to cleansed, dry skin How well does it work? It works well to reduce redness.

Topical Metronidazole
Metronidazole is a nitroimidazole that has antibiotic and antiprotozoal effects. It was first used for vaginal trichomanas in the 60’s.

Oral Treatment - Antibiotics

Erythromycin
Erythromycin is an antibiotic in the macrolide group, and is used in acne treatment. It is the antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects that are important.

Minocycline
Minocycline is a tetracycline antibiotic, which is used for acne treatment. It is the antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects that are important.

Doxycycline
Doxycycline is a tetracycline antibiotic, which is used to treat acne. It is the antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects that are important.

Tetracycline
Tetracycline was developed in 1953 and is a broad spectrum antibiotic. Tetracycline is often the first used acne antibiotic.

Oral Treatment - Isotretinoin

Isotretinoin (Accutane) As Rosacea Treatment
Isotretinoin (Accutane®) is a retinoid or vitamin A analog, which means that its molecular structure is similar to Vitamin A. It was first approved in the US in 1982.

Isotretinoin - Side Effects And Treatment Of Side Effects
Most people have minor Isotretinoin (Accutane®) side-effects that disappear within 2 weeks after stopping the medication. Almost everybody gets dry lips.

Isotretinoin - Side Effects That Need Medical Monitoring By Your Physician
Certain Isotretinoin (Accutane®) side-effects will not be as apparent to you and will need to be monitored by your doctor during your acne treatment.

Surgical/Laser Treatment

Telangiectasias/Redness
These are small diameter, linear blood vessels that occur on the surface of the skin. Some people may refer to them as broken blood vessels. Common areas where these lesions occur are the face and cheeks...

Rhinophyma
Rhinophyma describes the growth of the nose in some patients with rosacea. It is an uncommon complication and if it occurs it is almost always a man. The distal part of the nose thickens up, in time it develops a...


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