Eczema is a group of skin conditions that are caused by a defect in the filaggrin gene which is responsible for how the skin is formed and how it functions. Eczema sufferers have a weakened epidermal layer which makes them susceptible to developing eczema and allergies.
Eczema can take many forms. The most common type is called atopic eczema. This condition is identified as dry, red patches of skin that are commonly very itchy. In difficult eczema cases, people may develop small, fluid-filled blisters. A genetic predisposition is claimed to cause this type of eczema; however, skin care professionals are still not positive as to what exactly causes it.
Contact Dermatitis is also a common type of eczema that is caused by contact with everyday objects and substances. Many of these include: types of foods, chemicals, soaps detergents, jewelery, fabrics, and many more. There are two forms of contact dermatitis: allergic and irritant.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Allergic contact dermatitis is caused by an overreaction of the immune system to an outside agent. Allergic dermatitis is triggered by direct contact with an object whereas most allergic reactions are caused by internal factors.
Irritant Contact Dermatitis
Irritant contact dermatitis occurs when the skin comes into contact with a damaging substance. This includes house hold cleaners, chemicals etc.
Eczema symptoms can occur on any part of the body but are most commonly found on the face, neck, elbows, knees, and ankles. Although there is no known cure for eczema there are a number of topical creams and oral medications that are successful in reducing many symptoms of eczema. Consult with your skin care professional to find out which treatment is best suited for your skin condition.