Sun damage may occur in children and adults alike, due to repeated exposure to UV rays. The UV rays may have damaging effects on the skin, and in children, sun damage can easily lead to skin cancer in adulthood. Avoiding sun exposure during childhood and learning how to protect the skin can guarantee healthy skin in the future.
Dangers of Sun Damage in Children
The UVA and UVB rays are damaging to all people, but children are more exposed to sun burns, as they have a more sensitive skin and a less developed defensive mechanism.
Children with darker skin may be less at risk, but they still need protection. The sun can lead to a few skin problems in children:
- Melanoma, an aggressive form of skin cancer
- Sun burns, which can cause permanent wounds
- Sun spots
Sun Protection for Children
Children should be completely protected from the sun. Children’s exposure to sun should be avoided during the peak hours (between 11 AM and 4PM).
Sunscreen is necessary every time children are exposed to sun. The sun protection factor for children should be higher than in adults, even if their skin is darker. Dermatologists recommend a SPF of at least 25 or higher for children. The cream should be waterproof, to offer full protection even after the children swim or get wet.