When you've been out in the sun for too long without adequate protection, sunburn may occur. It is best described as red skin that feels hot to the touch and can be quite painful. You may notice sunburn shortly after sun exposure and you may not see it completely fade for a few days or a few weeks. In addition to the pain that it causes the individual, it can also be a bit embarrassing, especially if the sunburn is severe. The cause of sunburn is the exposure to ultraviolet light from the sun. When the skin is exposed to UV light, it boosts its melanin production, which is the pigment that gives the skin its color. The added melanin can be seen in the form of a sun tan and is intended to protect the skin's layers. Each individual's skin has varying capabilities of producing melanin and for those who cannot produce enough melanin to protect their skin, the sun will burn their skin.
Various signs of aging have been associated with excessive sun exposure such as wrinkles, fine lines and age spots. Skin cancer, such as melanoma, has also been associated with excessive sun exposure. Avoiding excessive sun exposure or adequately protecting oneself from the harmful UV rays is recommended to avoid sunburn and other negative consequences. Treating sunburn can only provide relief, as only time will heal the condition. Aloe lotions, cool compresses and nonprescription anti-inflammatory medication are common home remedies. For severe sunburn, the doctor may prescribe medication as treatment.