Causes of Ingrown Hair

Ingrown hair is an esthetic problem more than a health problem. However, ingrown hair may lead to complications as well, as the skin can get infected. Knowing the causes of ingrown hair can be helpful to be able to prevent this problem in the future.

Dry Skin

People with dry skin, both men and women, are more exposed to getting ingrown hair. This is due to the fact that there will be a lot of dead skin cells, and these may often cover the pores, preventing the hair to surface. This problem may be solved with proper moisturizing of skin and frequent use of creams that will keep the skin hydrated. The entire body needs this treatment.

Coarse Hair

Coarse hair that grows in a curved hair follicle is a cause of ingrown hair. This problem cannot be prevented, but there are a few laser treatments that may influence the quality of the hair and make it softer.

Oil in the Hair Follicles

Oil gathering in the hair follicles may also cause ingrown hair. This problem may be caused by various factors:

  • Hormonal problems
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Excessive production of skin oils
  • Use of unsuitable moisturizing creams that make the skin oily
  • Poor hygiene

Dead Skin Cells in Pores

If the dead skin cells are not removed on a regular basis, these may gather and clog up the pores, resulting in ingrown hair. Getting a gentle skin peeling solution and using it twice per week can solve this problem.

Genetic Predisposition

In some cases, the ingrown hair is an inherited condition. After the hair is removed (i.e. after shaving), the skin may tend to grow covering the pores and the hair follicles.

Certain Hair Removal Procedures

Certain hair removal procedures can cause ingrown hairs:

  • Shaving, especially when using a blade that is too close to the skin
  • Waxing
  • Electric epilator
  • Electrolysis

These methods remove the hair follicles fully or partially, but until the hair starts growing, dead skin cells can cover the pores. Also, using these techniques can irritate the skin, stimulating the accumulation of dead skin cells and the covering of the skin pores.

Problems with Ingrown Hair

Ingrown hair may not be a problem and will typically not be a painful condition, but there are certain complications which may occur. Ingrown hair may also be unaesthetic. Some people may feel tenderness in the areas with ingrown hair.

The hairs that are trapped under the skin may get infected in some cases, and this will result in bumps or pustules, which may be filled with dead skin cells or pus. Some people may experience itchiness. If the patient attempts to bring the hair to the surface from under the skin, this can result in injuries and possible scars.

Regular skin peeling and exfoliation can prevent the occurrence of ingrown hair in some cases.

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