Many people face the effects of sun damage. As people age they may develop certain symptoms attributed to sun damage such as wrinkles, age spots, discoloration and more serious conditions such as skin cancer.

The Sun and Sun Damage

Sun damage is the result of rays from the sun. Excessive sun exposure may lead to sunburn, which may cause redness and soreness. In severe sunburns, blistering may occur. Suntans are considered attractive by most people. However, suntans are a result of damage to the epidermis. This damage may have lasting effects and may speed the skin aging process.

Risk Factors That May Lead to Sun Damage

Many people incorrectly assume tanning beds are safer than direct sun exposure. However, studies indicate that UVA rays from tanning beds may be two to three times more powerful than UVA rays occurring naturally from the sun. Fair skinned individuals may also be more susceptible to sunburn and sun damage than others. People who work outdoors are also at a greater risk, as they spend a large portion of their day in the sun.

Reducing Risk

To reduce the risk of sun damage, sunscreen or proper clothing should be worn when spending a long period of time outdoors. Fair skinned individuals are sometimes encouraged to wear sunscreen on a daily basis, while individuals who work outdoors should take the proper precautions when on the job. For further information about risk factors for sun damaged skin, consult a skincare professional. Understanding sun damage and its causes and consequences is often the first step in reducing one's risk of sun damage.