Pregnancy is often thought of when considering triggers for melasma, although the condition is not exclusive to pregnant women. Women taking birth controls or undergoing hormone therapy may experience the dark pigmentation of melasma as well. In some cases, men may be affected. The cause is not fully understood, although a family history may put some at greater risk of the condition.
Know Your ConditionMelasma appears as a dark pigmented area on the skin. It is common on the cheeks, forehead and on other areas around the face. The condition is usually brown or tan in color. Before any appointment, take a few minutes to research melasma. Understanding its possible causes (although its exact cause is not fully understood) may be helpful in identifying certain risk factors that may have led to you developing the condition (birth control pills, pregnancy, hormone therapy, sun exposure, family history, etc.).
Think of Some QuestionsWrite down any questions you have about melasma. Common questions include:
• What may have caused my condition?
• Could I be pregnant?
• Should I stop taking birth control pills?
• Does melasma require treatment? Or will it go away on its own?
• What are my treatment options?
Try to think of a few of your own as well. Take advantage of the opportunity to ask questions, as a skincare professional is the best resource for information about melasma and other skin conditions.