Melasma is sometimes called chloasma or the 'mask of pregnancy' because the condition is commonly present during pregnancy. Brown pigmented areas on the face are common symptoms of melasma. The condition is a cosmetic concern for many patients.

Recognizing Risk Factors

The first step in melasma prevention is recognizing what may put you at risk of developing the condition. In some cases, melasma may reappear after fading. Understanding what risks may cause future symptoms may be very helpful in preventing the condition from reappearing. The sun's ultraviolet rays stimulate melanocytes (pigment producing cells in the skin), which may lead to excess pigmentation. A family history of melasma may also put you at greater risk of the condition. Hormonal factors during pregnancy, hormone therapy or while taking birth control pills may also be to blame.

Prevention

Avoid excessive sun exposure. As the sun may play a significant role in melasma, wear sunscreen of at least SPF15 when outdoors and wear clothing that protects the face and other parts of the body from the sun. A long-sleeve shirt, long pants and a hat may be helpful. Talk to a skincare professional for more tips on risk factors for developing melasma and preventing the condition from reappearing.