Impetigo is a contagious skin infection that usually affects children more than adults--approximately 70 percent of reported cases involve children. The skin infection occurs in children living in northern Europe, the U.S. and Canada. Experts claim that the reason children have a tendency to contract impetigo is due to an underdeveloped immune system.
The Cause of Impetigo
The skin infection is typically caused from the bacterium known as Staphylococcus (staph) and Streptococcus that is referred to as strep. Even though the bacterium is relatively harmless on the skin, impetigo must be treated to avoid spreading the infection to another person.
This bacterium is likely to occur whenever there is a cut, wound or injury to the skin. Mainly, impetigo becomes contagious when the bacterium enters the skin through a wound such as a cut or insect bite. Secondly, the infection can also start when the bacterium enters the skin by means of another skin infection such as eczema or scabies. Symptoms of impetigo usually occur within four to 10 days from the first exposure to the bacteria.
Treatments for Impetigo
When treating impetigo, the main objective is to make sure that it heals quickly (to make the skin look better and to avoid aggravating the infection). According to the type of impetigo you have, treatments will often vary. If there is a mild infection, the doctor may suggest that you keep the skin clean. He may also prescribe topical antibiotics to help control the skin infection. However, if the impetigo is critical, the doctor will normally prescribe oral antibiotics. The duration for taking antibiotics will last for seven days to reduce symptoms.