Melasma is a non-cancerous disorder that causes a dark discoloration of the skin. This hyperpigmentation is often known as a "mask of pregnancy." These discolorations normally are found around the eyes, on the forehead, cheeks, upper lip and the chin, but may also develop on other areas of the body that are exposed to the sun. Although melasma can affect both men and women, women are more commonly affected, especially during a time of pregnancy or with hormone changes such as with hormone replacement therapy (HRT). A thyroid problem may also trigger melasma, as well as genetics, stress and the sun, all with the potential of causing an outbreak.

For many individuals, this often undesirable condition is difficult to treat, causing persons to feel unattractive. Bleaching creams have been widely used, but the effectiveness is often noted with repeated use for longer periods of time. The toxicity of these products is commonly known. What is becoming more popular is the use of biological skin cream to lighten melasma, but is it effective?

Natural Factors and Ingredients

Several biological creams can treat melasma in a natural way without the harsh chemicals or with the use of chemical peels that may irritate and damage the skin even further. Many of these skin creams have natural ingredients that accelerate skin renewal. Several of the biological creams on the market need to be applied twice daily for at least two months to be effective. The amount of time necessary to treat the melasma condition may vary for each individual. Always follow the instructions on the label of the product, and the instructions of a dermatologist.

Glycoproteins and Glycoconjugates

Glycoproteins are involved in the body's immune system and communicate with the cells to recognize damaged skin tissue, activating the enzymes to degrade them to amino acids and create new cells. Glycoproteins improve the smoothness of the skin with a renewed and more youthful look.

Helix Aspersa Muller Glycoconjugates is the pure substance of a snail used in some biological creams containing complex glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans. These molecules regulate cell function and are important for connective tissues. These components have the ability to remove the dead skin cells that sit on the upper layer of the skin, where melasma patches develop. In addition, they regenerate the skin with new collagen. The extraction of the snail substance needs to be in an extremely pure state, to capture the proteins, hyaluronic acid, polysaccharides and antioxidants.

Liposomes

Many biological creams contain liposomes. Some may be extracted from ginkgo biloba. Because liposomes are similar to what is in cell membranes, when this ingredient is deposited onto the skin, it reacts naturally with the cell membranes. This ingredient also promotes collagen production. Liposomes saturate deep into the cells, helping the skin to heal naturally from the inside.

Antioxidants

Antioxidants in biological skin creams are effective components to help to lighten the skin. Powerful antioxidants in creams include Vitamins C and E as well as zinc, and these are good for the skin. These antioxidants in combination with other biological ingredients help to build new collagen and may be effective to lighten melasma.