The features of Sjogren's syndrome include keratoconjunctivitis sicca, xerostomia and arthritis. In addition, generalized dry skin is a common manifestation. Diffuse alopecia may develop. Saliva is thick. The tongue is red and smooth and may be tender. There is a reduction in taste and smell in many patients.
Associated systemic abnormalities include, in addition to arthritis, esophageal dysfunction, xerosis, and pulmonary abnormalities. There may be an associated systemic lupus erythematosus or other member of the collagen vascular disease group.
- 0.5% methylcellulose eye drops are helpful for the dry eyes.
- Artificial saliva can provide some amelioration of mouth symptoms.