Hemangiomas are benign developmental vascular tumors.
They generally appear within the first months of life. A faint pink patch at birth can evolve into a crimson nodule on the skin. Such lesions typically resolve before age 10.
Capillary and cavernous hemangiomas are particularly significant when they involve the periorbital skin with ocular occlusion. This situation, as with breathing difficulty from involvement in the breathing passages, is a medically urgent situation.
Lack of vision at an early age can profoundly affect ocular function in the future.
Extensive limb involvement with superficial, and deep cavernous angiomatosis can be associated with increased bone growth in that limb, the Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome.
- Interferon Alfa 2a or 2b may be combined with corticosteroids over a two to nine month period
- Case reports also show some benefit from the use of Vincristine, embolization, cyclosporine